Publications

Books     Edited Volumes     Journal Articles     Book Chapters     Op-Eds     Book Reviews

Books

Fighting Over Peace: Spoilers, Peace Agreements and the Strategic Use of Violence (London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, Rethinking Political Violence Series, 2016)

Negotiating an end to a civil war is extremely difficult, and many signed peace agreements subsequently unravel, ushering in renewed conflict. Policymakers and scholars alike have identified spoilers—violent actors who often rise up and attempt to challenge or derail the peace process—as one of the greatest threats to peace. Using a mixed-method approach combining quantitative and qualitative analyses of a newly created, global dataset of spoiling, I demonstrate that this type of violence occurs in predictable circumstances and only represents a threat to peace under specific conditions. The book also shows that spoiling often serves to bring agreement flaws and implementation failures to light and in turn forces actors to recommit to an accord, thereby strengthening peace in the long term.


Transitional Justice in Balance: Comparing Processes, Weighing Efficacy (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2010), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

Using our originally created Transitional Justice Data Base, we explore the adoption of transitional justice mechanisms–trials, truth commissions, amnesties, reparations, and vetting policies–and their effectiveness in achieving their goals. We conclude that transitional justice has a positive and significant impact on human rights and democracy in the societies that adopt it, but that it is the combination and sequence of mechanisms that achieves this effect, not any one mechanism alone. We contend that a “justice balance” that combines trials and amnesties, with or without truth commissions, is crucial for success in societies seeking improvements in democracy and human rights after conflict.


Justicia transicional en equilibrio: comparación de procesos, sopeso de su eficacia (Bogota, Colombia: Editorial Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2016), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

This is a Spanish translation of Transitional Justice in Balance: Comparing Processes, Weighing Efficacy


Edited Volumes

Special Issue: The Role of Datasets in Transitional Justice ResearchTransitional Justice Review 1:4 (2016), with Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm


Journal Articles

“Editorial Note,” Transitional Justice Review 4:1 (2016): 1-6, with Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm

“Does Spoiling Work? Assessing the Impact of Spoilers on Civil War Peace Agreements,” Civil Wars 17:1 (2015): 89-111.

“Research Note: Transitional Justice in Higher Education: Assessing the State of the Discipline,” Transitional Justice Review 1:3 (2015): 123-32, with Karen Zamora Surian (Mount Holyoke College ’13)

“Overcoming Impunity: Pathways to Accountability in Latin America,” International Journal of Transitional Justice 8:1 (2014): 75-98, with Francesca Lessa, Tricia D. Olsen, Leigh A. Payne, and Gabriel Pereira

“Examining the Use of Amnesties and Pardons as a Response to Internal Armed Conflict,” Israel Law Review 47:1 (2014): 133-47

“Persistent or Eroding Impunity? The Divergent Effects of Legal Challenges to Amnesty Laws for Past Human Rights Violations,” Israel Law Review 47:1 (2014): 105-31, with Francesca Lessa, Tricia D. Olsen, Leigh A. Payne, and Gabriel Pereira

“Militarized Justice in New Democracies: Explaining the Process of Military Court Reform in Latin America,” Law & Society Review 47:2 (2013): 375-407, with Brett J. Kyle

Transitional Justice and Civil War: Exploring New Pathways, Challenging Old Guideposts,” Transitional Justice Review 1:1 (2013): 137-69, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

“Dictating Justice: Human Rights and Military Courts in Latin America,” Armed Forces & Society 38:1 (2012): 27-48, with Brett J. Kyle

“Taking Stock: Transitional Justice and Market Effects,” Journal of Human Rights 10:4 (2011): 521-43, with Tricia D. Olsen and Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm

Transitional Justice in Latin America,” International Studies Review [Forum: Transitional Justice: The Quest for Theory to Inform Policy] 13:3 (2011): 558-64, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

“Transitional Justice in the World, 1970-2007: Insights from a New Dataset,” Journal of Peace Research 47:6 (2010): 803-09, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

“The Justice Balance: When Transitional Justice Improves Human Rights and Democracy,” Human Rights Quarterly 32:4 (2010): 980-1007, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne [Methodological Appendix]

“When Truth Commissions Improve Human Rights,” International Journal of Transitional Justice 4:3 (2010): 457-76, with Tricia D. Olsen, Leigh A. Payne, and Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm

“At What Cost? A Political Economy Approach to Transitional Justice,” Taiwan Journal of Democracy 6:1 (2010): 165-84, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne

“Equilibrando Julgamentos e Anistias na América Latina: Perspectivas Comparativa e Teórica,” Revista Anistia Política e Justiça de Transição2 (2010): 152-75, with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne [Portuguese, published in Brazil]

“Does Transitional Justice Work? Latin America in Comparative Perspective,” Global Studies Review 5:3 (Fall/Winter 2009), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne


Book Chapters

“The Development of Transitional Justice,” in An Introduction to Transitional Justice, edited by Olivera Simic (London, UK: Routledge Press, 2016)

“Measuring the Success of Transitional Justice,” in An Introduction to Transitional Justice, edited by Olivera Simic (London, UK: Routledge Press, 2016)


“External Actors and Transitional Justice in a Reunified Korea,” in Transitional Justice in Unified Korea, edited by Baek Buhm-Suk and Ruti Teitel (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015)


“The Arrest Warrant for the Sudanese President Strengthened International Justice,” in Genocide and Persecution: Darfur, edited by Noah Berlatsky (San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 2015) [Reprint of “ICC Victory Over Immunity in Recent Clash with al-Bashir”]


“Difficult but Ultimately Rewarding: Lessons from Transitional Justice in Latin America,” in Transitional Justice and the Arab Spring, edited by Kirsten Fisher and Robert Stewart (London, UK: Routledge Press, 2014)


“Superar a Impunidade na América Latina,” in Justiça de transição das Américas: olhares interdisciplinares, fundamento e padrões de efetivação, edited by José Carlos Moreira da Silva Filho, Marcelo D. Torelly, and Paulo Abrão (Brasilia, Brazil: Editora Forum, 2013), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne [Portuguese, published in Brazil]


“Panama,” in The Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice, edited by Nadya Nedelsky and Lavinia Stan (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012)

“Truth Commission of Panama (Comision de Verdad),” in The Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice, edited by Nadya Nedelsky and Lavinia Stan (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), with Stephanie Fenner (Macalester College ’11)


“Conclusion: Amnesty in the Age of Accountability,” in Amnesty in the Age of Human Rights Accountability: Comparative and International Perspectives, edited by Leigh A. Payne and Francesca Lessa (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2012), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A.Payne


“Amnesty in the Age of Accountability: Brazil in Comparative Context,” in Real Social Science: Applied Phronesis, edited by Bent Flyvbjerg, Todd Landman, and Sanford Schram (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne


“An Exploratory Analysis of Civil Society and Transitional Justice,” in Civil Society, Conflict and Violence, edited by Regina List and Wolfgang Dorner (Bloomsbury Academic, 2012), with Tricia D.Olsen and Leigh A.Payne


“As Implicações Políticas dos Processos de Anistia,” in A Anistia da Era da Responsabilização: O Brasil em Perspectiva Internacional e Comparada, edited by Leigh A. Payne, Paulo Abrão, and Marcelo D. Torelly (2011), with Tricia D. Olsen and Leigh A. Payne [Portuguese, published in Brazil]


Op-Eds

“The Left Will Fail Until It Learns from the Right,” Telegraph Herald (Dubuque, IA), February 3, 2017, with Anjelica Jarrett (Mount Holyoke College ’17)

“The Wrong Choice in Colombia: Colombian Voters Made a Mistake by Rejecting a Long Sought Peace Deal,” U.S. News & World Report, October 4, 2016

“Unintended Consequences in Confederate Flag’s Forced Retreat,” Daily Hampshire Gazette (Northampton, MA), July 8, 2015

“Are We Finally Ousting the World’s Last Dictators? Sadly, No,” The Duck of Minerva, November 3, 2014

“Some Good News for Iraq: Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki Stepping Down is a Positive Step for the Nascent Democracy,” U.S. News & World Report, August 15, 2014

“Japan, South Korea Rift and Obama’s Role in Diplomacy,” The Huffington Post, April 16, 2014, with Calvin Chen

“ICC Victory over Immunity in Recent Clash with al-Bashir,” The Duck of Minerva, October 3, 2013

“‘Zero Dark Thirty’ and Other War Movies,” The Providence Journal, February 7, 2013

“Big Questions in Agent Orange Clean Up,” The Providence Journal, September 16, 2012 [Reprinted in a number of local newspapers throughout the United States]

“Assad Faces Exile or Fight to Finish,” The Providence Journal, March 11, 2012

“Yemen Loses a Dictator, but Not His Shadow,” The Christian Science Monitor, February 23, 2012 [Reprinted in The Nation (Pakistan)]

“Failed Transitional Justice in Egypt,” International Policy Digest, October 16, 2011

“Plan Colombia Demonstrates U.S. Effort to Help,” Telegraph Herald (Dubuque, Iowa), April 25, 2004


Book Reviews

After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy, by Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella Malca, and Trine Eide (New York, NY: Routledge, 2015), in Latin American Politics and Society 58:3 (2016): 158-60.

Constitutional Courts as Mediators: Armed Conflict, Civil-Military Relations, and the Rule of Law in Latin America, by Julio Rios-Figueroa (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2016), for Global Military Justice Reform, July 20, 2016

Judging State-Sponsored Violence, Imagining Political Change, by Bronwyn Leebaw (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2011), in Ethics & International Affairs 27:2 (2013)

Transitional Justice and Displacement, edited by Roger Duthie (New York, NY: Social Science Research Council, 2012) in Perspectives on Politics 11:1 (2013): 342-43

Why Peace Fails: The Causes and Prevention of Civil War Recurrence, by Charles T. Call (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2012) in Political Science Quarterly 127:4 (2012-13): 732-33

The Mediation Dilemma, by Kyle Beardsley (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2011) in Political Studies Review 10:3 (2012): 408-09

Civil Society, Conflicts and the Politicization of Human Rights, edited by Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci (New York, NY: United Nations University Press, 2011) in Political Studies Review 10:3 (2012): 434

Militias and the Challenges of Post-Conflict Peace: Silencing the Guns, by Chris Alden, Monika Thakur, and Matthew Arnold (New York, NY: Zed Books, 2011) in Political Studies Review 10:3 (2012): 429

Strengthening Peace in Post-Civil War States: Transforming Spoilers into Stakeholders, edited by Matthew Hoddie and Caroline A. Hartzell (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2010) in Marine Corps University Journal 3:1 (2012): 112-14

Winning the War on War: The Decline of Armed Conflict Worldwide, by Joshua S. Goldstein (New York, NY: Dutton Press, 2011), in Journal of Politics 74:2 (2012)

Sex, Drugs, and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict, edited by Peter Andreas and Kelly Greenhill (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010) in Marine Corps University Journal 2:1 (2011): 162-64

Necessary Evils: Amnesties and the Search for Justice, by Mark Freeman (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press) in H-Human-Rights, H-Net Reviews (May 2011)

Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War, by Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005) in Exploring Globalization (March 2008)